A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East by Billie Jean Collins

By Billie Jean Collins

This name matters man's touch with the animal international: sacrifice, sacred animals, nutrition, and domestication. Chapters on artwork, literature, faith and animal husbandry display an image of the advanced relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.

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Modifications have been made to reflect details yielded by archaeological finds. ). Like nearly all other native Near Eastern ungulates, they are now much reduced in number and inhabit remote refuges within their former range. By the strictest definition, all sheep belong to a single species since captive individuals regardless of their origins produce fertile offspring. Likewise, all goats are fully interfertile as well. In the wild, however, discrete populations have formed that do not interbreed.

THE NATIVE FAUNA 27 night that prevent sound from carrying any substantial distance (Joslin 1982). Canid skeletons have been recovered from several Epipaleolithic Natufian graves in which the animals were interred together with deceased humans. The bones differ from those of wild wolves in having smaller anterior jaws and teeth as well as shorter limbs and modified articular surfaces. These features indicate a modest degree of evolutionary change but do not necessarily imply purposeful selective breeding, as the greater morphological variation of later Neolithic dogs possibly reflects (Tchernov and Valla 1997).

The adaptations of oryxes to arid conditions are of great interest. Coloration is light not only to reflect heat but also to blend in with the desert terrain. As forage is so widely scattered, males force young calves to wait, recumbent and camouflaged against their pale surroundings, while the adults graze at a distance. Drinking is a rare occasion for oryxes, and they can even survive without it indefinitely. Like camels, oryxes allow their body temperature to rise, delaying the onset of sweating, but they possess a further evolutionary device to resist the consequences of extreme heat and dryness.

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