Question of Commitment, A: Childrens Rights in Canada by R. Brian Howe, Katherine Covell

By R. Brian Howe, Katherine Covell

In 1991, the govt of Canada ratified the United international locations conference at the Rights of the kid, requiring governments in any respect degrees to make sure that Canadian legislation and practices shield the rights of kids. a question of dedication: Children’s Rights in Canada is the 1st booklet to evaluate the level to which Canada has fulfilled this dedication. The editors, R. Brian Howe and Katherine Covell, contend that Canada has wavered in its dedication to the rights of kids and is ambivalent within the political tradition in regards to the precept of children’s rights. a question of dedication expands the scope of the editors’ prior ebook, The problem of Children’s Rights for Canada, through together with the voices of experts particularly fields of children’s rights and through incorporating fresh advancements.

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F. C. , Making Children’s Rights Work: National and International Perspectives (Montreal: Editions Yvon Blais, 2005), pp. 30–31; Andreychuk and Pearson, Who’s in Charge Here? pp. 74–87. Andreychuk and Pearson, Who’s in Charge Here? pp. 46–48. Baker v. R. 817. org), September 2005. org). Baker v. Canada, at para. 70. Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law v. R. 76, at para. 31. J. Brunnée and S. Toope, “A Hesitant Embrace: Baker and the Application of International Law by Canadian Courts,” Canadian Yearbook of International Law 40 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002), pp.

The long-term trend has been toward greater “targeting” of child benefits—that is, with gearing amount to need as measured by family income and with raising the maximum payments. Since the late 1970s the antipoverty objective has been accorded greater weight at the expense of the horizontal-equity objective. However, even though it calculates the amount of payments on the basis of family income, Canada’s child benefits system is not—contrary to what some people think—targeted narrowly at the poor in terms of eligibility; rather, it is a broad-based system that covers the large majority of families—about nine in ten.

By July 2007 it is projected to reach $3,243—a substantial $1,269 or 64 percent real increase over 1997. The NCB reached its $2,500 target in July 2005, when the maximum payment for the first child was $2,521 in constant 1988 dollars ($2,950 in current 2005 dollars). This level marked the completion of a new architecture for child benefits—an integrated child benefit providing equal and portable benefits to all low-income families and delivered through an inclusive system that also serves the large majority of non-poor families.

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