A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine during which he defined the plains quarter and took word of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even if they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what luck he had in opposing rival French investors. in view that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s yr inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; in basic terms 4 copies, courting from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the diversities diversity from variation spellings to note option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of an organization clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have established their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A 12 months Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and exchange.

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Example text

I knew this Man, he was a bold and good Servant and was drove from the Company’s Service by the Ship’s Gentry because he would not buy Slops & Brandy from them. He was the first person who ventured Inland. I was then Writer at York Fort. 239/a/40 ye 28 Friday fine weather wind att So & SWt padled up steel River till we Came to pine Reach,* then put up for the night. * 20 M from the ffort, to this pine Reach was measured in the winter 1754 by Captn Hendey, by which Knowing the distance in padling there 3 days past, he Computes the M he goes of a day hereafter.

239/a/40 ye 27 Thursday fine weather wind Wt padled up Hays River, till we Came to Steel River and then up steel River till we came to wood partridge Creeck, their we put up for ye night. 2/6 27 Thursdy fine weather, wind at Wt, paddled up Hay’s River till we came to Steel River, and then up Steel River to wood partridge Creek, then we put up for the night. 2/4 27. Thursday wind and weather as yesterday, padled up Hay’s river till we came to steel river, and padled up steel river to wood partridge creek, and there put up for the night.

The textual notes furnish information on the four manuscripts and editorial procedures, while supplementary notes link the Henday From Manuscript to Print 31 texts to contemporary documents and to publications which have made more than passing reference to Henday’s journal. Thus the edition presents the Henday texts together with their contemporary and scholarly contexts. Both the supplementary notes and the commentar y take stock of almost a century of Henday scholarship but they remain deliberately inconclusive.

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