By Paul Tennant
This publication offers the 1st accomplished therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to check the trendy political background of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides targeted realization to the latest court docket judgements, executive guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the environment for the main excessive and protracted calls for via local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and so much constant competition to local claims via governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the fundamental query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. offering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas used to be principally liable for the long run process the land query. unlike what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia started their land claims at the beginning of white cost and continued regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this ebook as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who at the present time have extra power and cohesion than ever earlier than. the writer has performed huge interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency organizations and Indian political businesses. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.
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Additional resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
It may require judicious management, but it has to be donc. The country expects it without delay. " Two years later, at die time of die assembly's pétition, De Cosmos's frustration at both Douglas and Downing Street was sharply évident. He believed that "nothing but négligence has prevented die extinction of thé Indian tide long ago"24 and diat unaudiorized white occupation of Indian lands could not be prevented much longer: The Indian tide, we conclude, is thé gréât bugbear to stop setdement. We won't extinguish it; thé Home Government won't.
The remaining history of thé island colony until it was merged into thé much larger British Columbia in 1866 is relevant to thé land question more for what did not happen than for what did. For several years thé three centres of power for thé colony—Douglas himself, thé British government, and thé elected Assembly—acted as though further treaties were imminent. They continued to acknowledge aboriginal title, focusing attention mainly on several southern areas that were of prime settlement potential but which were not yet covered by treaty.
We did arrest them; hung one of them; and now diey are ail as quiet as mice. We were... frightened by a bugbear. " We don't believe it. We hold it to be our best policy to pay them, to avoid even thé possibility of a war. But our government says it cannot provide thé means. s On receipt in Victoria of Newcastle's reply to thé assembly's pétition, De Cosmos felt vindicated and continued on thé same thème: The assembly is informed that they need not expect a farthing from Home to extinguish thé Indian title; and they are rather sharply told that thé extinction of title is a "trifling" matter, and to find thé money themselves if they want to do it.