By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson
The second one quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this booklet provides an authoritative selection of works by means of major specialists within the box. It specializes in 3 of the main concerns in character psychology: character, impact and arousal; character and intelligence; and character constitution. the 1st a part of the ebook seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on anxiousness and the organic foundations of idea and motion. It additionally seems on the impression of temperamental features on response to annoying occasions. within the moment half, contributions examine the mutual family among character and intelligence, the similarities and modifications among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and offers a version of character appropriate to situational descriptions. all of the authors are skilled and well known specialists within the box of character psychology. the quantity comprises serious stories, bringing the reader updated with key concerns, and precise facts from modern empirical examine initiatives, reflecting the variety and energy of present paintings on character psychology.
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Additional info for Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II
2002) ‘Induced processing biases have causal effects on anxiety’, Cognition and Emotion 16:331–354. , Kentish, J. P. (1993) ‘Effects of anxiety and awareness on colouridentification latencies for emotional words’, Behaviour Research and Therapy 31:559–567. Ohman, A. F. (1994) ‘“Unconscious anxiety”: Phobic responses to masked stimuli’, Journal of Abnormal Psychology 103:231–240. E. and Friberg, L. (1988) ‘Neuroticism, extraversion, and related traits in adult twins reared apart and reared together’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55:950–957.
2 Path model for relationships between temperamental traits: emotional reactivity and activity, Advances in personality psychology 34 personality characteristics: depressiveness and submissiveness, smoking habit (status) and somatic health (lung cancer). 05 (two-tailed) are marked by an asterisk (correlations were calculated on the basis of standardized variables). H=healthy subjects (N=120), LC=lung cancer patients (N=135), MI=myocardial infarction patients (N=74). 3 Path model for relationships between temperamental traits: emotional reactivity and activity, personality characteristics: depressiveness and hostility, smoking habit (status) and somatic health (myocardial infarction).
Healthy people were also asked during the interview about their health status. The health-illness variable was coded as a dichotomous variable with value ‘l’ for all patients and value ‘0’ for healthy individuals. Finally, the temperamental dimensions were assessed by the FCB-TI as in the first study and only two scales were selected: Emotional Reactivity and Activity. Procedure The statistical analysis was based on path analysis (Pedhazur and PedhazurSchmelkin, 1991). First of all, two subgroups were composed on which the independent analyses were conducted: the first comprised healthy and lung cancer people (N=255) and the second healthy and myocardial infarction people (N=194).