Algebra IX: Finite Groups of Lie Type Finite-Dimensional by R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich

By R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich (eds.)

The finite teams of Lie sort are of relevant mathematical value and the matter of figuring out their irreducible representations is of significant curiosity. The illustration conception of those teams over an algebraically closed box of attribute 0 was once constructed via P.Deligne and G.Lusztig in 1976 and to that end in a sequence of papers via Lusztig culminating in his ebook in 1984. the aim of the 1st a part of this ebook is to offer an outline of the topic, with out together with particular proofs. the second one half is a survey of the constitution of finite-dimensional department algebras with many define proofs, giving the fundamental concept and strategies of development after which is going directly to a deeper research of department algebras over valuated fields. An account of the multiplicative constitution and decreased K-theory provides contemporary paintings at the topic, together with that of the authors. hence it varieties a handy and intensely readable advent to a box which within the final twenty years has noticeable a lot progress.

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The F-stable torus T determines an F-conjugacy class in the Weyl group. Let w be a representative of this F-conjugacy class. Then (-1)I(w)R T ,9 is irreducible, where I is the length function on the Coxeter group W We give an example to illustrate this situation. Let GF = PGL 2 (q) where q is odd. Then IGFI = q(q2 - 1) and the class number of GF is q + 2. The Weyl group of G is the cyclic group of order 2 and the Frobenius map F acts trivially on W Thus there are two GF-classes of F-stable maximal tori of G.

As before we suppose that ifJ is a cuspidal character of Lf Then we have Co = 1 and so Wo is a Coxeter group. Moreover the Coxeter group Wo depends only upon the geometric conjugacy class of characters of L} containing ifJ. It may be described as follows. We recall that there is a bijective correspondence between geometric conjugacy classes of L} and F*-stable semisimple classes of the dual group Li. Since the centre of G is connected the centre of the Levi subgroup L J will be connected also. This implies that in the dual group Li centralizers of semisimple elements are connected, and so each F*-stable semisimple class in Li gives rise to a unique semisimple class in (Lir.

We show C is commutative by proving the existence of a bijective map 1jJ: GF -+ GF satisfying the conditions: = ljJ(g2)IjJ(gd for all gl' g2 E GF IjJ(U F ) = U F (J(IjJ(u)) = (J(u) for all U E U F for all n E N F for which ene # O. ljJ(n) = n ljJ(glg2) Thus IjJ is an anti automorphism of GF which fixes U F , fixes the character (J of U F , and fixes each n E N F such that ene # O. Suppose that such an antiautomorphism IjJ of GF exists. IjJ can then be extended by linearity to give a map 1jJ:

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