By Nai Xia
This ebook offers a close research and thorough learn of the original selection of old Egyptian beads within the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London.
The publication first discusses the archaeological worth of beads and the tactic hired within the learn of them, specially emphasizing the significance of the means of bead-making for courting reasons. It then examines and evaluates a number of schemes for the class of beads. The booklet is going directly to suggest a brand new type process and works out a complete corpus of beads by means of 16 plates.
Next, the publication includes a chronological survey that information the fabric, typology (including the technical peculiarities), use, association and pictorial illustration of beads in the course of the 9 divisions or classes of historic Egyptian heritage. This survey issues out the features of every interval besides any touch Egypt could have skilled with overseas international locations as proven through the beads. It additionally corrects a lot flawed identifications of fabrics and flawed datings.
This e-book is predicated at the Ph.D dissertation written by means of pioneering chinese language archaeologist Xia Nai while he studied in London university collage a few 70 years in the past and who had direct entry to substantial firsthand assets on the vanguard of Egyptology examine. It represents an important and long-awaited develop in archaeology, not just for Egypt yet for the examine of the prior throughout Africa and beyond.
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Extra resources for Ancient Egyptian Beads
This significance has received little attention from the Egyptologist, probably due to the fact that it emerges only when the beads of hard stone are grouped together and isolated from those of soft stone or other 25 26 27 28 29 Green and Quibell, Hierakonpolis, II, p. 12, Sect. 31. Reisner, Kerma, IV, p. 93. Woolley, op. cit. p. 373. Marshall, Mohenjo-Daro, p. 511, 526. Mackay, Bead-making in Ancient Sind, p. 8. 29 materials. The following six types of perforation have been found on the Egyptian beads of hard stone (see Plate I, A): type 1, double cone; type 2, double parallel, type 3, single cone; type 4, plain; type 8, grooved; and type 9, natural.
42 McGuire, A Study of the Primitive methods of Drilling. P. 672; cf. Orchard, Beads of the American Indians, pp. 39–41. 43 Reisner, Kerma, IV, pp. 93–94. 44 Brunton, Badarian Civilization, p. 33, pl. XXVI; and Petrie, Tools and Weapons, p. 52, Sect. 144; pls. LXII, LXV. 45 Vernier, La Bijouterie et al joaillerie égyptiennes, pp. 137–138. 46 Lucas, Anc. Egypt. Materials, pp. 64–66. 47 Mond and Myers, Armant, 1, pp. 77–78, pl. XXXIX, 1. 1 Section I: Hard Stone Beads ‘‘jewelled’’ tubular drill by the ancient as advocated by Petrie has very little probability, as already pointed out by Lucas,48 but a solid drill tipped with some hard precious stone (not necessarily diamond) was probably used for drilling such hard stone as beryl from the Ptolemaic period onwards.
2 Section II: Beads of Soft Stone Beads of soft stone were probably made in the same workshop as those of hard stone. Since the latter has already been discussed at considerable length, our discussion here will be limited to those points of the technical methods, which are particular to the soft stone due to the nature of material. Firstly, the method of roughly shaping was probably different. Most of soft stone could not be shaped by chipping because of their brittleness, nor by pressure-flaking.