Ancient folk-literature from North-Eastern Tibet: by F. W. Thomas

By F. W. Thomas

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Extra resources for Ancient folk-literature from North-Eastern Tibet: (Introductions, Texts, Translations and Notes)

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Hence it is unnecessary in Tibetan to distinguish between Noun and Verb in cases where they are used with the same Suffixes denoting Number or Case: between mi-hi and si-hi 'of man' and ;of dying', mi-rnams and si-rnams, 'men', and 'dyings', there is no difference of function; still less is there a difference where si-rnams is equivalent to si-barnams (111,34). the Participial Suffix being frequently absent and the meaning being 'diers', or 'those who die'. Number. , being therefore often omitted where not indispensable.

Where some species of animal is credited with only one sex, or through attribution of sex, single or plural, to things lacking it. The last of these cases is further complicated by linguistic form, in names where this dictates the grammatical Gender or, in default even of this, the form of an accompanying Adjective decides. , Feminine, fruits neuter, there is room for the remark that the Latin has beside its Masculines amnis and fluvius, 'river', also a not less frequent, Neuter flumen, Greek has not onlyTCOTOC^OS,but also psujzoc and that Sanskrit literature, though the Dictionary gives the two forms nada and nadl, is unanimous in declaring the rivers to be female.

G. nus, ses, thos, lags, hjigs, slebs; and likewise there are many Nominal forms with -s, such as chos, dus, hbras, hes, hphags, gzigs, thugs, rigs, legs, rogs, skabs, mchims, mtshuns. Though in some instances alternative forms are recognized, e. g. rin, 'long', and rins, 'haste', ri-mo, 'drawing', ris, 'line', or 'outline', and in others an -s- form may occasionally appear, and though the final -s is now not pronounced after consonants or vowels, the orthography is fairly constant, and divergences are casual.

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