By Ana de San Bartolomé, Darcy Donahue
Ana de San Bartolom? (1549–1626), a modern and shut affiliate of St. Teresa of ?vila, typifies the curious mixture of non secular activism and religious forcefulness that characterised the 1st new release of Discalced, or reformed Carmelites. recognized for his or her austerity and ethics, their convents quick unfold all through Spain and, below Ana’s assistance, additionally to France and the Low nations. continuously embroiled in disputes along with her male superiors, Ana quick turned the main vocal and visual of those mystical girls and the main fearless of the guardians of the Carmelite structure, specifically after Teresa’s death. Her autobiography, essentially inseparable from her spiritual vocation, expresses the tensions and conflicts that regularly followed the lives of ladies whose courting to the divine endowed them with an expert at odds with the transitority powers of church and kingdom. final translated into English in 1916, Ana’s writings supply sleek readers attention-grabbing insights into the character of monastic lifestyles through the hugely charged spiritual and political weather of late-sixteenth- and early-seventeenth-century Spain.
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Additional info for Autobiography and Other Writings (The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe)
Teresa’s Jewish ancestry has been the subject of much study. See, for example, Márquez Villanueva, “Santa Teresa y el linaje,” in Espiritualidad y literatura en el siglo XVI (Madrid: Alfaguara, 1968), 141–205. 23. For a brief discussion of the role of literacy in the distinction between white and black veiled nuns, see Jane Ackerman, “Teresa and Her Sisters,” in The Mystical Gesture: Essays on Medieval and Early Modern Spiritual Culture in Honor of Mary E. Giles, ed. Robert Boenig (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2000), 130–32.
5. See note 4. Vo l u m e E d i t o r ’s I n t r o d u c t i o n women learned to read, writing was generally not considered expedient or appropriate for the traditional roles of wife and mother. Humanists of the day like Juan Luis Vives recognized women’s intellectual capacity to read and assimilate content but warned that strict surveillance should be exercised in the selection of reading material in order to avoid potentially corrupting influences. All reading should be limited to materials that inculcated the primary virtues of obedience, chastity, and silence.
10 Women’s voices were usually the only voices in the uniquely protective space of the cloister, and they were employed both audibly and in writing. Some orders, such as the Discalced Carmelites, made active use of literacy as a primary goal for their members. In fact, the Discalced Constitution stipulated that all nuns in the order learn to read. Most orders actually provided instruction in basic literacy skills, and communal reading was part of the 9. Increased enclosure did not keep the convent communities from interacting with the world outside.