By Paul L. Leventhal, Sharon Tanzer
Considered via specialists as being at the threshold of buying nuclear guns, Argentina and Brazil have lately taken steps to guarantee one another their nuclear courses are completely peaceable. This experiences on a 1989 convention that expected those occasions and explored the methods being taken at the present time.
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Extra info for Averting a Latin American Nuclear Arms Race: New Prospects and Challenges for Argentine-Brazil Nuclear Co-Operation
Eventually the Soviets agreed to a ban on PNEs. An attractive feature of the CTB proposal was that it was 'basically non-discriminatory. There were no nuclear weapon states, no non-nuclear weapon states. There were simply the states of the world' . A Brazilian noted that confidence-building measures are in place between Argentina and Brazil, and between the United States and the USSR. What is needed now are confidence-building measures between the nuclear weapon states and the non-nuclear weapon states.
An Argentine participant said that safeguards are necessary only when confidence between parties does not exist. This is not the case today for Argentina and Brazil. Mutual confidence is the basis on which cooperation has been launched. Both nations agree on the need for a co-operative relationship, and together they are moving toward a lasting and enduring integration of their nuclear programmes. Exchange of information about each other's programmes has taken place in the context of presidential visits to sensitive facilities and frequent technical exchanges.
Contrary to the expectations of a decade ago, the trend in arms control today is toward greater intrusiveness. A bilateral verification agreement between Argentina and Brazil could have three possible elements: on-site inspection; aircraft and satellite surveillance; and third-party certification. For effective on-site inspection arrangements, access to facilities is the important issue. Agreements may specify unlimited access, provide for challenge inspections, or permit inspections of a suspect site.