By Harold F. Hemond
This newly up to date and accelerated variation of Chemical destiny and delivery within the Environment covers the elemental ideas of mass delivery, chemical partitioning, and
chemical/biological modifications in floor waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each
of those 3 significant environmental media are brought by way of descriptive overviews, by
presentation of the controlling actual, chemical, and organic tactics. The text
emphasizes intuitively dependent mathematical types for chemical delivery and changes in
the surroundings, and serves either as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate classes in
environmental technological know-how and engineering, and as a customary reference for environmental practitioners.
* presents an built-in assurance of significant environmental media
* offers a quantitative remedy of destiny and delivery processes
* is predicated on a graduate-level path taught for 10 years at MIT, augmented with sensible consulting experience
* good points examples and illustrations in the course of the text
* comprises broad routines on the finish of every chapter
* includes abundant references to the first literature
Read or Download Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment, Second Edition PDF
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Additional info for Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment, Second Edition
04 g. Note that temperature changes, as well as atmospheric pressure changes, can cause fuel loss by " p u m p i n g " air into and out of the tank. Loss via pumping is proportional to the empty volume in the tank, and can be minimized by keeping the tank full. Loss via diffusion can be inhibited by putting the gas cap back on; diffusive loss is not greatly affected by the quantity of fuel in the tank. Note also that diffusive loss may be much greater than predicted if wind creates turbulence in the filler pipe, thereby increasing the Fickian transport coefficient.
40(3): 292-298. H. ). (1989, 1990, 1991). "Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals," Vols. I—III. Lewis, Chelsea, MI. H. (1990). "Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods," 2nd printing. C. Y. (1981). A Critical Review of Henry's Law Constants for Chemicals of Environmental Interest. /. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 10(4): 1175-1199. G. (1993). " Wiley, New York. N. (1973). "Organic Chemistry," 3rd ed. Allyn and Bacon, Boston. H. (1982). "General Chemistry Principles and Modern Applications," 3rd ed.
Typically, water velocity in a river increases with distance from the bottom and sides, reaching a maximum near the center and usually somewhat below the water surface, as shown in Fig. 2-5. Chemical mass dissolved in the faster-moving near-surface water will travel down stream more rapidly than mass dissolved in deeper water. The distribu tion of the chemical mass thus elongates in the direction of flow. A Fickian mixing approach is used to describe the sum of the mixing due to turbulent diffusion and dispersion.