By Robert Plutchik
Textual content on a mental version that specializes in deciding upon how characteristics and feelings are structurally related. Discusses the version and its purposes in either examine and medical settings. For clinicians.
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Extra info for Circumplex Models of Personality and Emotions
According to their model these 16 modes of interaction may be represented as segments around a circle with “normal” modes of interaction conceived as represented by the center of the circle, with the periphery representing more extreme types of interpersonal behavior. LaForge and Suczek (1955) reported that the average correlations among ratings of traits tended to decrease as more distant variables were correlated. Another circular model of personality was described by Stern (1958) and used as the basis for a psychometric test of personality.
It does not arise from an illusion of implicit personality theory. The SASB is based on three circular orders, two of which are interpersonal and the third of which characterizes intrapsychic experiences. The model classifies behavior in terms of its focus. When the focus is on the other person, the contrast, on the vertical axis of the circle, is control versus giving autonomy. The focus in the second circle is on the response of the self to the other person. It reflects the prototypic subordinate or childlike role.
And the reason emotions have a circumplex structure is that social interactions invariably imply conflict and polarities. The concept of derivatives has been extended to several other conceptual domains. The idea is illustrated in Table 2. To illustrate this point, when someone is made fearful on many repeated occasions he or she is likely to exhibit a personality trait that would be called timidity (or any of a number of related terms such as shyness, withdrawal, or meekness). If the trait of timidity is excessive and seriously interferes with a person’s life, an Axis I1 diagnostic label such as passive might be attributed to the individual.