Coal: Research and Development to Support National Energy by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy Committee on Coal Research

Coal will proceed to supply an enormous component of strength specifications within the usa for a minimum of the following numerous many years. it's important that exact details describing the quantity, situation, and caliber of the coal assets and reserves be on hand to satisfy power wishes. it's also very important that the U.S. extract its coal assets successfully, properly, and in an environmentally dependable demeanour. A renewed concentrate on federal aid for coal-related study, coordinated throughout corporations and with the lively participation of the states and commercial region, is a serious point for every of those standards. "Coal" specializes in the examine and improvement wishes and priorities within the parts of coal source and reserve checks, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal items, and coal usage.

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In response, representatives from the offices of Senators Byrd and Specter emphasized to the committee that the advice sought by the congressional mandate was to be broad in scope and insightful, but with limited detail and abundant references to existing more comprehensive studies that address specific topics. Moreover, they indicated that R&D aspects of coal utilization technologies have already been assessed by a range of National Research Council reviews and requested that this study focus primarily on R&D related to all other (“upstream”) aspects of the coal fuel cycle.

Other major uses of coal are by the industrial sector for the production of coke (used in steel and other metals production processes) and as a boiler fuel to supply process heat and power. As well as a brief analysis of R&D issues associated with coal utilization, Chapter 6 also discusses environmental concerns associated with coal-fired power plants. Chapter 7 summarizes future projections for coal production and use, notes two important societal issues—community impacts and workforce demographics—that cut across the coal fuel cycle, and presents an outline of current federal support for coal-related R&D.

S. 4 Effect of different carbon and fuel price scenarios on annual CO2 emissions from electricity generation for PNNL scenarios. SOURCE: Wise et al. (2007). 5 Effect of different carbon and fuel price scenarios on coal-fired capacity for electricity generation in gigawatts (GW) for PNNL scenarios. SOURCE: Marshall Wise and James Dooley, Joint Global Change Research Institute, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, personal communication, 2007. 2-5 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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