By Garth Stevenson
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Additional resources for Community Besieged: The Anglophone Minority and the Politics of Quebec
Their precarious position between the two dominant groups resembled that of the Italians and other allophone minorities in Quebec a century later. The final guarantee was contained in Section 133, which provided that either the English or the French language could be used in the legislature and in the courts of Quebec, that both languages must be used in the records and journals of the legislature, and that the statutes of the province must be printed and published in English as well as in French.
All three elected anglophones to the first house, as did nine of the protected ridings, including Megantic. Two of the 36 Community Besieged anglophone members, Christopher Dunkin of Brome and Julius Scriver of Huntingdon, represented their ridings in the dominion House of Commons at the same time, as was permitted until 1873. Dunkin retired from politics before 1873 and Scriver chose to abandon his provincial seat and keep his federal one in that year. 31 Sherbrooke was predominantly francophone by 1891, Compton and Missisquoi by 1901, Argenteuil and Stanstead by 1911, and even Huntingdon by 1941.
It provided that the federally-appointed lieutenantgovernor of a province could refuse assent to any bill or reserve it for a final decision on its fate by the federal government. Furthermore, a provincial bill which did receive the lieutenant-governor's assent and become a law had to be sent to Ottawa where it could be disallowed by the federal government at any time within a year of its receipt. 19 The few efforts to invoke them in support of Quebec's English-speaking minority were invariably unsuccessful.