Die Deutsche Ideologie: Artikel, Druckvorlagen, Entwürfe, by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Joseph Weydemeyer

By Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Joseph Weydemeyer

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pdf: raster, ocr/fully searchable, ebook pagination.
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Der erste Band des neuen Jahrbuches eröffnet mit der Vorabpublikation einer Gruppe von Textzeugen des MEGA-Bandes I/5: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Moses Heß: Die deutsche Ideologie. Manuskripte und Drucke (November 1845 bis Juni 1846).
Die hier vorliegende variation trägt bei der textual content- und Variantendarbietung der in jüngerer Zeit gewonnenen Erkenntnis Rechnung, daß es weder im Frühjahr noch im Herbst 1845 den Plan eines zweibändigen Werkes „Die deutsche Ideologie“ gab. Vielmehr begannen Marx und Engels die Kritik der nachhegelschen Philosophie mit einem Artikel gegen Bruno Bauer, dessen Entwurf aus den überlieferten Originalhandschriften teilweise rekonstruiert werden kann.

Die Textzeugen dokumentieren die Auseinandersetzung von Marx und Engels mit Bruno Bauer: sie lassen eine neue Wertung der Feuerbachschen Philosophie erkennen, und es entstehen Betrachtungen zu idealistischer und materialistischer Geschichtsauffassung, eingebettet in die zeitgenössische Diskussion der Hegelschen Linken über ihren Standort in der nachhegelschen Philosophie.

Erstmals werden hier die Entwürfe, Notizen und Reinschriften-Fragmente, die in den bisherigen Editionen mit Hypothesen und Interpretationen der Herausgeber zu einem Kapitel „I. Feuerbach“ konstituiert und in verschiedenen Fassungen ediert worden sind, als selbständige Textzeugen in chronologischer Folge dargeboten und so ediert, wie sie von den Autoren hinterlassen worden sind. Dieser Grundsatz gilt auch für die Textdarbietung; u. a. werden mit dem Zwei-Spaltendruck alle Texte in der rechten Spalte, die von Marx und Engels nicht in die Grundschicht der linken Spalte eingeordnet worden sind, außerhalb dieser Grundschicht ediert.

In diese Gruppe von Textzeugen wird auch erstmals ein neu datiertes, zweiseitiges Manuskript eingefügt, das bisher nur im Anhang publiziert worden ist.

Neu aufgenommen werden ein anonym erschienener, Marx zugeschriebener Artikel aus dem Gesellschaftsspiegel, sowie der Artikel von Joseph Weydemeyer „Bruno Bauer und sein Apologet“ aus dem Westphälischen Dampfboot, den dieser unter Mitarbeit von Marx in Brüssel verfaßt hat.

Den edierten Texten liegen die Originalhandschriften zugrunde, die sich im Internationalen Institut für Sozialgeschichte in Amsterdam befinden. Die Texte wurden neu entziffert und bearbeitet. Dies trifft auch für die Darbietung der innerhandschriftlichen Textentwicklung im Variantenverzeichnis zu.

Die Vorabpublikation entstand bei der Bearbeitung der MEGA-Bände I/4 bis I/6 durch die deutsch-französische MEGA-Arbeitsgruppe in Trier und Aix-en-Provence.

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Additional resources for Die Deutsche Ideologie: Artikel, Druckvorlagen, Entwürfe, Reinschriftenfragmente und Notizen zu I. Feuerbach und II. Sankt Bruno (Marx-Engels Jahrbuch, 2003)

Example text

Verf. z. B. vgl. zB. zB d. und v. bei Personennamen Beibehalten werden alle Abkürzungen von bibliographischen Titelangaben - einschließlich p. p pag. pag - im laufenden Text, von Ländernamen und den entsprechenden Adjektiven, von Philosophie oder philosophisch sowie Abkürzungen mit der Endsilbe lieh. Abkürzungen von Namen wer­ den nicht aufgelöst. Alle anderen Abkürzungen sind in Editorschrift in der Schreibweise der Textgrundlage aufgelöst und unterpunktet. Bei Kurzzeichen für Abkürzungen wird wie folgt verfahren: Das Kurz­ zeichen & wird beibehalten.

Brigens sind diese drei Seiten der sozialen Thätigkeit nicht als drei verschiedne Stufen zu fassen, sondern eben nur als drei Seiten, oder um für die Deut­ schen klar zu schreiben, drei „Mo­ mente“, die vom Beginn der Ge­ schichte an & seit den ersten Men­ schen zugleich existirt haben & sich noch heute in der Geschichte geltend machen. — Die Produktion des Le­ bens, sowohl des eignen in der Ar­ beit wie des fremden in der Zeugung erscheint nun schon sogleich als ein doppeltes ||13| [V]erhältniß - einer­ seits als ein natürliches, andrerseits als gesellschaftliches Verhältniß gesellschaftlich in dem Sinne als hierunter das Zusammenwirken meh­ rerer Individuen, gleichviel unter 14 10 15 25 30 40 Feuerbach und G eschichte.

Entwurf S. 1 bis 29 folglich nie einen Historiker gehabt. Die Franzosen & Engländer, wenn sie auch den Zusammenhang dieser Thatsache mit der sogenannten Ge5 schichte nur höchst einseitig auffaß­ ten, namentlich solange sie in der po­ litischen Ideologie befangen waren, so haben sie doch immerhin die er­ sten Versuche gemacht, der Geio Schichtschreibung eine materialisti­ sche Basis zu geben, indem sie zu­ erst Geschichten der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, des Handels & der In­ dustrie schrieben. - Das Zweite ist,/ is |12| daß das befriedigte erste Bedürfniß selbst, die Aktion der Befrie­ digung & das schon erworbene In­ strument der Befriedigung zu neuen Bedürfnissen führt - & diese Erzeu2o gung neuer Bedürfnisse ist die erste geschichtliche That.

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