The Ancient Near East: A History by William W. Hallo

By William W. Hallo

This textbook is a competent source with a very good attractiveness for learn and scholarship. The authors are renowned and the hot variation encompasses a huge updating of the fabric. excellent for undergraduate stories in historical heritage and background of the close to east, the ebook is usually acceptable as a complement for teachers instructing corresponding sections or chapters in global historical past or Western Civilization.

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In this way Sargon and his successors forged the frrst real empire out of a congeries of fiercely independent city-states and, for at least a brief period, succeeded in stemming their centrifugal tendency. In a few cases, Sargon seems to have felt strong enough to reconfirm the native dynasts in their old posts; thus under Sargon's first successor, Meskigal is still found at Adab and under his second, Urukagina is still, conceivably, at ~ a ~ a s h Even . 91 Sargon was not insensitive to the opposition that his new imperialism inevitably aroused, and particularly to the latent antagonism between the Akkadian-speaking north and the Sumerian-speaking south.

We are therefore forced to conclude that later traditions telescoped the two reigns, assigning both their triumphs and their disasters to the more famous of the two kings. Such distortion is not unparalleled in late Near Eastern history (see below, p. 147). The actual course of events was considerably more complex. If we may believe the omens, Shar-kali-sharrimet the same violent end as the sons of Sargon (see above, Section 5). In any case, his reign was followed by three years of anarchy, expressed tellingly by the phrase "who was king, who was not king," both in the omen literature112 and in the King List.

I11 The Early Bronze Age 51 The final chapter in the struggle was written by new dynasties in both cities. Urukagina, the reformer, was defeated and Lagash destroyed by Lugalzagesi. 75After defeating Lagash, Lugalzagesi apparently moved his seat of power to Uruk and, whether by his military achievements or by his well-attested benefactions to the temple of Enlil at Nippur, achieved what had eluded Eannatum: recognition by the Nippur priesthood. He succeeded, not only to the condominium of Uruk and Ur, but to the hegemony of all of Sumer and Akkad, and is duly entered in the Sumerian King List, where he constitutes the Third Dynasty of Uruk.

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